Determinants of emerging markets’ financial health: A panel data study of sovereign bond spreads
international finance; sovereign bonds; risk premium; GMM
Research in International Business and Finance, 45, 82-93
This research uses Arellano and Bover (1995) and Blundell and Bond (1998) GMM estimator to pinpoint the determinants of sovereign spreads in thirty-one emerging economies from 1994 to 2014. The empirical analysis provides evidence that GDP growth, real effective exchange rate, and political liberation play an essential role in determining the spreads. Openness and geography are surprisingly not significant drivers of a country’s riskiness. In addition, the estimates show a considerable impact of the 1997–1998 Asian Crisis and the 2008–2009 Financial Crisis on emerging countries’ spreads. However, there was no significant increase in bond spreads in the post-Financial Crisis period.