First Faculty Advisor
Exercise Adherence; Behavior Change; Self-monitoring; Social Support
All Rights Retained by Dominic Cauteruccio and Bryant University
The purpose of this study was to look at the effects of self-monitoring and social support on minutes of exercise per week. Specifically, self-monitoring examined whether self-monitoring and self-monitoring in combination with social support would increase minutes of exercise over a four week period. The study was four weeks long, with participants randomly assigned into three groups: a control group (group 1), a self-monitoring group (group 2), and a self-monitoring plus social support group (group 3). Exercise time was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and social support was measured using the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors (ISSB). In total, 32 participants volunteered, 18 of whom qualified as eligible participants. Results showed groups 2 and 3 increased their exercise time over the four weeks; whereas group 1 did not. However, group 2 showed a greater increase in exercise time over the four weeks compared to group 3. Overall, the results trended towards supporting self-monitoring as an effective behavior change aid, but did not support the hypothesis that using the two interventions will have a superior effect compared to just using one.