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Facing rapidly changing markets and increasing competition, the competitive environment of the defense industry has undergone extensive restructuring, significantly more so than for the non-defense sector. This comprehensive survey of defense and non-defense firms offers insight into the defense industry's journey into open competition, as well as insight into different strategic approaches to manufacturing competitiveness during this critical period. The data suggest that the surviving defense firms have strengthened, and that defense and non-defense manufacturers alike are responding competitively to the call of the global economy.