The Value Relevance of Financial Statement Recognition versus Disclosure: Evidence from SFAS No. 106
disclosure; recognition; valuation; SFAS No. 106
American Accounting Association
The Accounting Review
This study examines whether the market values financial statement data differently if it is disclosed rather instead of recognized in the body of the financial statements. We identify a sample of 229 SFAS No. 106 adopters who disclose an estimate of their anticipated liability for retiree benefits other than pensions (PRB) in their financial reports prior to the year of recognition. We then test whether the disclosed estimate of the PRB liability is valued differently by the market than is the subsequently recognized PRB liability. We provide modest and model-sensitive evidence that the recognized PRB liability receives more weight than the disclosed liability in market value association tests.