Document Type



scientific freedom; regulation of science; science and society

Identifier Data


Manchester University Press

Publication Source

The Freedom of Scientific Research

Rights Management

CC Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


While international law has recognised a human right to science since 1948, the binding normative content of this right still needs to be clarified and specified. It is rarely discussed by states when they report on their obligations under the various international human rights treaties (UN and ICESCR), and receives scant attention by international human rights bodies. To advance our understanding of this under-studied and under-appreciated right, this chapter offers an overview of ways in which the right to science can be advanced and realised. The chapter is divided into three parts: the first section discusses the recognition of the right to science under international and regional legal instruments; the second presents a literature review; and the third discusses the use (mobilisation) of international adjudicative and political forums to advance the right to science and to shape its normative content.

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Sociology Commons