Document Type


First Faculty Advisor

Bryant, Michael


Zimbabwe; Mugabe; history; land


Bryant University


This project explores how Zimbabwean leader Robert Mugabe handled the culturally vital land issue. Research was conducted using scholarly sources including books and academic articles related to Zimbabwe, Rhodesia, land policy, economic analysis, and governmental legal policies. Information collected was divided into four historical periods based on the major land policies shaping government action. This periodization helps simplify the land issue by contextualizing the vast information surrounding Zimbabwean history. Analysis of government actions during these periods shows the land issue consistently being tied to other goals. The essay argues that Mugabe has used the call of land reform to fulfill personal political objectives and consolidate power. In the process, this project explores the modern history of Zimbabwe and the reasons land has become central to African identity.