Document Type



personality; systemic literature review; traits

Identifier Data


Emerald Publishing Limited

Publication Source

Journal of Management History

Rights Management

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited


The purpose of this study is to systematically examine and classify the multitude of personality traits that have emerged in the literature beyond the Big Five (Five Factor Model) since the turn of the 21st century. The authors argue that this represents a new phase of personality research that is characterized both by construct proliferation and a movement away from the Big Five and demonstrates how personality as a construct has substantially evolved in the 21st century.