When Norms are Violated: Imagined Interactions as Processing and Coping Mechanisms

Document Type



Published by National Communication Association in Communication Monographs Volume 68, Issue 3, pages 289-300.

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Publication Source

Communication Monographs


Presents a study which examined the receivers' symbolic cognitive process in response to particular types of norm violations. Definition of several violation theories; How imagined interactions affect the symbolic information processing of receivers; Analysis of the reliance of students on imagined or real interactions to norm violating teachers.